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General
  • Turpentine (also called spirit of turpentine, oil of turpentine, wood turpentine, gum turpentine) is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin obtained from trees, mainly pine trees.
  • It is composed of terpenes, mainly the monoterpenes alpha-pinene and beta-pinene.      
  • It is sometimes known colloquially as turps, but this more often refers to turpentine substitute.

Process

  • Turpentine is a fluid obtained by the complex distillation of resin obtained from trees, mainly various species of pine (Pinus).
  • Boiling in large tubs takes place at 155 degrees Celsius to obtain turpentine oil.
  • Resin ducts in the bark and outer wood are tapped in species of pine (Pinus, Family Pinaceae) to obtain resin for the distillation of turpentine and other paint spirits.

Market

  • Many industry experts believe that demand for gum turpentine and rosin will continue to grow stronger and that the U.S. should be prepared to produce whatever level of naval stores production is needed.

  • The U.S. produces only 3 percent of the global supply of gum turpentine, all of it from south Georgia.

  • Gum turpentine is mainly consumed within China, so the sales of gum turpentine heavily depends on the development of its downstream products in China.

Application

  • The oil of turpentine is the principle product of turpentine, widely used as a solvent or thinner for paints and varnishes. 

  • Medically it is a stimulant and diuretic and is capable of destroying various intestinal parasites.

  • High quality Brazilian gum spirits of turpentine readily improves flow and dissolves wet oil color.

  •  Great for cleaning brushes and tools used with oil color. 

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