Production, Products, Benefits, Properties, Applications, Market
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- Vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides) is
a perennial grass of the Poaceae native to India.
Vetiver is an economic crop for housing material for
poor farmers in Bangladesh.
Vetiveria zizanioides is popularly known as Khas
Khas, Khas or Khus grass in India.
Root growth of
vetiver plants sent by air from South Africa to Senegal in closed
Khas grass grows wild in almost all plain states in
India up to an elevation of 1 200 m. Only in some pockets of South India
is the grass systematically cultivated but the yield from the cultivated
crops meets only a small percentage of requirements.
Khas grass has been extensively used for a variety
of purposes, no systematic and large-scale cultivation appears to have
been taken up particularly in North India where the use of the grass is
Vetiver grows in almost all types of soils, a rich and
well-drained sandy loamy soil is considered the best.
The cultivation procedure adopted is also very simple. The
land is cleared and through deep tilling ridges and furrows are mad
Two species of
Vetiveria are found in India, of which V. zizanioides is the
common source of the wellknown oil of vetiver, which is used in medicine
and in perfumery.
Vetiver is mainly cultivated for the fragrant essential
oil distilled from its roots
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