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General
  • Vetiver (Chrysopogon zizanioides) is a perennial grass of the Poaceae native to India.
  • Vetiver is an economic crop for housing material for poor farmers in Bangladesh.

  • Vetiveria zizanioides is popularly known as Khas Khas, Khas or Khus grass in India.

  • Root growth of vetiver plants sent by air from South Africa to Senegal in closed plastic bags

Distribution

  • It is a densely tufted grass, found throughout the plains and lower hills of India, particularly on the riverbanks and in rich marshy soil. Vetiver has been known to India since ancient times.

  • Khas grass grows wild in almost all plain states in India up to an elevation of 1 200 m. Only in some pockets of South India is the grass systematically cultivated but the yield from the cultivated crops meets only a small percentage of requirements.

Cultivation

  • Khas grass has been extensively used for a variety of purposes, no systematic and large-scale cultivation appears to have been taken up particularly in North India where the use of the grass is quite extensive.

  • Vetiver grows in almost all types of soils, a rich and well-drained sandy loamy soil is considered the best.

  • The cultivation procedure adopted is also very simple. The land is cleared and through deep tilling ridges and furrows are made.

Applications

  • A wide variety of uses are attributed to Khas grass. All parts of the plant are used in one way or another for the benefit of man.

  • Two species of Vetiveria are found in India, of which V. zizanioides is the common source of the wellknown oil of vetiver, which is used in medicine and in perfumery.

  • Vetiver is mainly cultivated for the fragrant essential oil distilled from its roots

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