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Information @ a Glance

  • In cooking, a wafer is a crisp, sweet, very thin, flat, and dry cake that is often used to decorate ice cream. Wafers can also be made into cookies with cream flavoring sandwiched between them. They frequently have a waffle surface pattern but may also be patterned with insignia of the food's manufacturer or may be patternless.

Manufacturing Process

  • The main product of the unit wafer biscuits can be manufactured after obtaining raw materials like maida, starch, soda, salt, colour, preservatives, vanaspati, suger, flavours etc. which are easily available in local markets. The calculated amount of maida, starch, vanaspati, water etc. are mixed in a mixer to form paste.

  • First, large wafers are made in ovens. These wafers can be used immediately, but they can also be put in a heated room. If the wafers are not used immediately, they attract moisture, which causes the wafers to get out of shape. Hence, if they are put in the heated room, they must lay there for at least two weeks, after which they are straight again because they have dried fully by then. The next processing step is filling the wafers. This means that crème is put on one wafer, after which another wafer is put on top of it. This can be done for a maximum of nine levels. Subsequently, the wafers are cut and sometimes topped with chocolate. After this, the wafers can be put into a tray, and the trays are flow-packed and boxed. The packaging form differs per product.

  • Packaging machines can be moved to form a packaging line. There are six possible packaging line configurations but at most four can be run simultaneously due to scarcity of packaging machines. Baking the wafers, filling and cooling the wafers, and cutting and packaging the wafers are decoupled from each other. Both baked wafers and filled wafers can be stored. 

Market and Report

  • A Company in Bozen, South Tyrol, has been producing and marketing wafer snacks of the highest quality for over 75 years. The Loacker brand is known not only throughout Italy, but over time has established itself in 70 countries across 5  continents, and has attained the leading position for high quality wholesome wafer biscuits in the cakes and pastries sector. 

  • The bakery units are unevenly spread among States. These are mainly concentrated in the States of Maharashtra, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh. Industrially advanced States like Maharashtra And West Bengal have very Large number of bakery units. The per capita consumption is very high in industrialized States like Maharashtra and West Bengal. The Biscuits are becoming quite popular in rural areas as well. Nearly 55% of the biscuits are consumed by rural sector. The higher consumption of biscuits in rural area could be attributed to its position as a snack, longer shelf life and better taste which is liked by different cross sections of population. There is no marketing problem as every shop is a market for wafer biscuits. India is amongst the top five wafer biscuit manufacturers in the world. Biscuits are popular throughout the country and people from all age groups enjoy them.

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