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- Xylitol can be found in
some fruits and vegetables, but extraction of xylitol from these sources
is uneconomical, due to the low concentrations present. The methods of
xylitol production are chemical or microbial reduction of D-xylose or
hydrolysates of xylan-rich hemicellulosic materials. Commercial production
of xylitol is currently from birch wood sulfite pulping liquor and other
xylan-rich substrates. The production involves extraction and purification
of xylose from the pulping liquor.
Candida is discussed
in the presence of
glucose as the cosubstrate. Various initial ratios of glucose and xylose
concentrations are assessed for their impact on yield and rate of
production of xylitol. Supplementation with glucose at the beginning of
the fermentation increased the specific growth rate, biomass yield and
volumetric productivity of xylitol compared with fermentation that used
xylose as the sole carbon source.
Production of xylitol from xylose in
batch fermentations of
- Xylitol is a tooth
friendly sugar. In addition to not encouraging tooth decay, xylitol may
actively aid in repairing minor cavities caused by dental caries.
- Xylitol also
appears to have potential as a treatment for osteoporosis. A
dietary xylitol prevents weakening of bones in
laboratory rats, and actually improves bone density.
- Xylitol chewing gum
can help prevent ear infections
- Xylitol is not only
safe for pregnant and nursing women, but studies show that regular use
significantly reduces the probability of transmitting the Mutans
Streptococci bacteria from mother to child during the first two years of
life by as much as 80%.
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